WOODWORKING TERMINOLOGY



C

carnuba wax
a northeastern Brazilian fan palm, the leaves of which exude a yellowish wax.

contract
a written or spoken agreement, esp. one concerning employment, sales, or tenancy, that is intended to be enforceable by law

D

dovetail joint
a joint formed by one or more tapered projections (tenons) on one piece that interlock with corresponding notches or recesses (mortises) in another.


dovetail joint

F

face frame cabinetry
A frame is fixed to the front of a cabinet carcass, obscuring the edges of the carcass and providing the fixing point for doors and other external hardware and strength. It is also a visual feature of particular styles of furniture and cabinetry.


face frame cabinetry


frame and panel construction
(or"rail and stile") is used in the making of doors and other decorative features for cabinets, furniture. A sturdy frame captures a panel, as opposed to techniques used in making a slab solid wood cabinet door or drawer front. Usually, the panel is not glued to the frame but is left to 'float' within it so that seasonal movement of the wood comprising the panel does not distort the frame.

FSC certified wood
The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is an international not for-profit, multi-stakeholder organization established in 1993 to promote responsible management of the world's forests. Its independent certification and labeling of forest products offers customers around the world the ability to choose products from socially and environmentally responsible forestry.

full overlay
A cabinetry term for doors that cover the full front plane of the cabinet box and does not have a face frame


full overlay

G

general contractor
a person or company that undertakes a contract to provide materials or labor to perform a service or do a job.

green-washing
misrepresenting a product as environmentally friendly by overstating its qualities or overlooking the overall effect

I

inset panel
A cabinetry term for doors that sit flush with a face frame


inset panel

M

miter joint
a joint made between two pieces of wood or other material at an angle of 90°, such that the line of junction bisects this angle.

mortise and tenon'
In its basic form it is both simple and strong. Although there are many joint variations, the basic mortise and tenon comprises two components: the mortise hole and the tenon. The joint may be glued, pinned, or wedged to lock it in place.

P

penetrating finish
penetrating finishes like Tung Oil or Lindseed Oil are drying oils that harden upon exposure to air. The resulting coating is transparent and plastic-like, but seeps into the grain of the wood to condition and protect.

plywood
Plywood is a manufactured wood panel made from thin sheets of wood veneer. Plywood is often used instead of plain wood because of its resistance to warping and its general high degree of strength. It is more cost effective and kinder to scarce wood species than entirely solid wood construction.


plywood

R

raised panel
A traditional decorative detail in a solid panel of a door

reclaimed wood
Lumber that a previous use or job, besides growing in a forest or farm

recycled wood
see reclaimed wood

S
salvaged wood
Lumber that comes from a number of non-farmed environment that would conventionally be sent to a landfill or incinerator, such as from deconstruction, manufacturing, overstock, agriculture or natural disasters like fire, wind or disease.

scribe
A thin filler piece between a cabinet and the wall or ceiling that is cut precisely to the angle and imperfections of the wall

shaker style door
frame and panel design without additional decoration


shaker style door

slab style door
Refers to a log that has been sliced into thick rounds or planks that include the the uneven sides of the trunk


slab style door

sub contractor
A subcontractor is hired by a general contractor to perform a specific task as part of the overall project and is usually paid for those services by the general contractor.

surface finish
a type of wood sealer that creates a hard, protective film. Surface finishes can add a variety of sheens and/or color.

U

urban salvage
Lumber that comes from a non-farmed environment, as in a developed areas or land cleared for development

V

veneer
a thin decorative covering of fine wood applied to a coarser wood or other material.

VOC
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary, room-temperature conditions. VOCs are numerous, varied, and ubiquitous. They include both human-made and naturally occurring chemical compounds. Most scents or odors are of harmless VOCs., but some VOCs are dangerous to human health or cause harm to the environment.

1774
The Shakers settle in the United States.
1897
The first American Arts and Crafts Exhibition
1950’s
Mid-Century Modern on the West Coast, highlighted by “California Design” shows
Mimi Cabinet
Eco-luxury at its best
 
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